The Cool World of The Different Types of Air Conditioning: Definitive Guide

Many different types of air conditioning systems have evolved into an indispensable aspect of contemporary living, greatly enhancing our comfort and productivity. In areas with scorching temperatures, they offer relief, enabling individuals to sustain focus and efficiency in their homes and workplaces.

Effective climate control is especially advantageous in office settings, as it promotes productivity and employee contentment by maintaining a comfortable temperature. Moreover, air conditioners are essential in healthcare facilities, ensuring optimal conditions for medication storage and creating a soothing environment to aid in patient recovery.

In addition, they play a crucial role in data centres by upholding optimal conditions that prevent equipment from overheating and ensure the seamless operation of digital systems. The introduction of air conditioning systems has significantly enhanced living and working conditions, exemplifying their indispensable role in contemporary society.

This article will explore the different types of air conditioning systems that have greatly enhanced our comfort and well-being.

Understanding Split System Air Conditioners

split system air conditioner

One of the many types of air conditioners is a split system air conditioner, which comprises two units: an indoor unit, mounted on the wall, distributing conditioned air into the home, and an outdoor unit, responsible for releasing the collected heat from the indoor system.

This air conditioner type begins with introducing refrigerant gas into the outdoor unit’s compressor. As it undergoes compression, the gas becomes pressurised and heats up. It then passes through condenser tubes, transforming into a liquid state. After that, it is depressurised, cooled, and reverted to a gaseous state. This sequence of events ensures efficient operation and optimal cooling performance in the split system air conditioner.

The air conditioner operates through a continuous refrigerant cycle, transitioning between cool gas and hot liquid. This enables it to effectively utilise the varying temperatures to cool the air it draws from the room. When the indoor unit pulls in air, it passes it over a chilled evaporator coil provided by the refrigerant gas, resulting in a stream of cold air. This refreshing air is circulated back into the room, ensuring a comfortable environment.


  • Installing it in carefully chosen rooms is possible, ensuring optimum positioning.
  • You can add additional units whenever you want.
  • Low installation cost
  • Affordable
  • Simple to maintain
  • Operates with a serene and optimal efficiency level, providing minimal noise and maximum effectiveness.


  • The appearance of the units can be displeasing to the eye.
  • Their limited reach poses a challenge when it comes to ventilating larger rooms.

Common applications and scenarios where Split Systems excel

Split system air conditioners offer a versatile and efficient solution for various environments. Their flexibility makes them an excellent choice for cooling or heating individual rooms or specific areas in homes and offices. These air conditioning types are particularly beneficial for households wanting precise control over the indoor climate in particular rooms or zones. Their adaptability and efficiency make them an ideal option to enhance comfort and convenience.

Likewise, businesses with unoccupied rooms for extended durations, such as conference rooms or individual offices, can utilise these systems to conserve energy. They are also a superb option for buildings that face architectural limitations, making ductwork impractical.

Tips for selecting and maintaining Split Systems

When choosing a Split System air conditioner, it’s important to consider factors such as size, energy efficiency, noise level, and the specific cooling requirements of your space. Opting for the right split-system size is crucial as an oversized unit can result in excessive energy consumption, while an undersized one may struggle to cool your area effectively. Although energy-efficient models may come with a higher initial cost, they can save you money in the long run and positively impact the environment.

Regular cleaning and servicing are essential to ensure your Split System air conditioner type operates at its best. Depending on usage, cleaning the filters every two weeks to a month is recommended to maintain efficient performance. It is also advisable to schedule professional servicing at least once a year. This includes checking refrigerant levels, inspecting electrical components, and cleaning the coils.

Exploring Ducted Air Conditioning

ducted air conditioner

Ducted air conditioning, one of the types of aircon, offers discreet and efficient cooling and heating solutions for various residential and commercial spaces. From cosy two-bedroom apartments to expansive multi-storey complexes, this type of air conditioning is highly sought-after for its exceptional features.

Whisper-quiet operation and gentle air distribution create a comfortable environment without drawing attention. Additionally, it provides a comprehensive climate control solution for the entire home, all within a compact unit.

The ducted air conditioning ensures a serene atmosphere by locating the operational components outside the building or in the ceiling space. This strategic positioning effectively minimises noise levels within the room, creating a tranquil environment for optimal comfort. Indoor unit zone control systems effectively manage the airflow of your air conditioning, allowing you to conserve energy by powering down unused areas.


  • Does not significantly affect the visual appeal of your home.
  • It provides a cost-effective and efficient solution.
  • Provides unparalleled comfort throughout the entire house.
  • Guarantees silent operation.
  • Offers exceptional durability and longevity, surpassing expectations with its remarkable endurance.


  • Costly installation of ductwork.
  • Ducts need sufficient space to accommodate their size and dimensions.
  • Over time, the air quality in your home can be adversely affected due to the presence of holes and cracks in the ducts, allowing dust and other foreign particles to enter, compromising the cleanliness of the air indoors.

Ideal settings and scenarios for Ducted Systems

Ducted types of air conditioner systems are an excellent choice for larger homes or office spaces, providing efficient cooling or heating for multiple rooms or spacious areas. These systems not only offer practical functionality but also enhance the aesthetics of the space. With concealed installation and only the vents visible, they seamlessly preserve the architectural integrity of the building.

Moreover, ducted systems allow for precise temperature control in different zones, catering to each area’s specific heating or cooling needs. This feature proves especially advantageous in multi-room settings or buildings with varying insulation levels. However, it is essential to note that smaller buildings or apartments may find ducted systems less suitable due to their complex installation requirements and the need for extensive ductwork.

Key considerations when installing and maintaining Ducted Systems

When it comes to installing and maintaining ducted systems, several crucial factors must be considered:

  1. The size and layout of the building play a vital role in determining the system’s capacity and design.
  2. The quality of the ductwork is of utmost importance, as leaky or poorly insulated ducts can significantly impact system efficiency. Regular cleaning and maintenance of the ducts are essential to ensure optimal functioning.
  3. Seeking professional installation and servicing is highly recommended to avoid any inefficiency or failure caused by improper installation or maintenance.
  4. It’s worth considering the system’s energy efficiency rating, as higher ratings can lead to substantial energy savings throughout its lifespan.

The Efficiency of Evaporative Cooling

evaporative cooling air conditioner

Evaporative cooling air conditioners, a type of air conditioning system, draw in hot air from the outside and pass it through damp filter pads. These pads are supplied with water from a tank at the unit’s base. As the water on the pads evaporates, it effectively extracts heat from the air while introducing moisture. Finally, the cooled and humidified air is circulated throughout the house, creating a revitalising ambience.

Evaporative cooling air conditioners work by cooling the indoor air and creating a pleasant breeze. They rely on favourable external conditions and the strategic opening of windows and internal doors to achieve the best performance. This effectively removes cooled and moist air from the house, ensuring a comfortable environment.

Despite providing a continuous supply of fresh and cool air in residential settings, Evaporative cooling type of air conditioners possess certain limitations as an open system. Under adverse circumstances, these may unintentionally introduce external pollutants such as smoke, dust, and pollen, reducing their efficacy during bushfires, controlled burns, or days with high pollen counts.


  • Utilise significantly less energy in comparison to conventional air conditioning systems.
  • Indoor air quality can be enhanced by promoting air circulation and increasing moisture levels.
  • They are environmentally friendly because they consume less energy and don’t rely on air conditioner refrigerants that can harm the environment.
  • Typically, they come with lower installation and maintenance costs.
  • It has versatile applications across various settings.


  • Adding moisture to the air can create a sense of humidity and discomfort in indoor spaces.
  • Limited Effectiveness: They are most efficient in arid regions with low humidity.
  • Regular maintenance is necessary for optimal performance, which includes tasks such as cleaning and replacing filters.
  • Consume a significant amount of water.
  • Can emit unpleasant smells

Suitable environments and climates for Evaporative Cooling

Evaporative cooling air conditioning types are most effective in hot and dry climates. These regions, characterised by high temperatures and low humidity, provide the ideal conditions for this cooling technology to thrive. The absence of moisture in the air allows the evaporative cooling system to operate at peak efficiency, drawing in dry, hot air and emitting cooler, humidified air.

However, the system’s effectiveness diminishes significantly in areas with high humidity. This is because the air is already saturated with moisture, leaving little room for evaporative cooling.

Maintenance and usage tips for Evaporative Cooling systems

Regular maintenance is of utmost importance to guarantee the long-lasting performance and efficiency of evaporative cooling systems. Here are a few valuable tips to help you achieve just that:

  • Cleaning: To maintain optimal system efficiency and prevent unpleasant odours and potential health risks, it is important to clean the cooling pads and water tank regularly. This practice helps prevent the accumulation of minerals and bacteria. By doing so, you can ensure the system’s smooth operation while promoting a healthier environment.
  • Filter Replacement: Regular replacement of cooling pads or filters is crucial. Over time, the evaporative media may become clogged or less absorbent, decreasing the system’s cooling efficiency.
  • Water Levels: Regularly monitor and replenish water levels as needed. Insufficient water in a system can cause decreased cooling efficiency and potential damage.
  • Seasonal Maintenance: Before the onset of the scorching season, conducting a comprehensive inspection of your system is advisable. This will help ensure the absence of any leaks, proper functioning of the fan, and optimal condition of the cooling pads.
  • Proper Shut Down: To ensure the system remains undamaged during colder months when not in use, it is crucial to drain the water to prevent any potential freezing-related harm completely.

Other Types of Air Conditioning

Window and Wall-Mounted Air Conditioners

Window types of air conditioning units are compact appliances engineered explicitly for installation in window frames. These units effectively cool a room by expelling hot and circulating cold air. The component responsible for releasing the hot air is positioned outside the home while the fan is indoors.

A through-the-wall air conditioner resembles a window air conditioner in various aspects. In addition to the installation location, the main difference lies in the sleeve requirement for a through-the-wall unit initially installed in the designated wall space.

Heat Pumps and Dual-Function Systems

A heat pump is vital to a home’s heating and cooling system, typically installed outdoors. Similar to a central air conditioner type, it not only provides cooling but also delivers warmth. During colder months, the heat pump extracts heat from the chilly outdoor air and transfers it indoors.

Reverse cycle air conditioning is one of the many types of air conditioner systems that offers a dual-function capability, providing both cooling and heating solutions. By reversing the refrigeration cycle, this system efficiently delivers warmth during winter and cooling comfort during summer. It is a highly adaptable and flexible system known for its efficiency and versatility.

Smart and Connected Air Conditioning

Experience ultimate control over your home’s temperature with the revolutionary Smart Air Conditioning system, one of the many different types of aircon. This cutting-edge innovation empowers users to wirelessly and remotely regulate the air conditioning in various zones or individual rooms, all from the convenience of their computer, phone, or tablet. Immerse yourself in optimal comfort and unparalleled convenience, all at your fingertips!

Advanced air conditioning systems provide the convenience of independently cooling specific rooms at different rates based on your preferences. This allows you to set the other rooms to a more energy-efficient cooling level when everyone gathers in one room.

Comparing Split, Ducted, and Evaporative Systems

When comparing various cooling systems, each one offers distinctive features, and renowned brands are known for their excellence in the industry associated with them.

Split Systems:

Split systems typically comprise an indoor unit, the evaporator, and an outdoor unit, the condenser. A set of electrical wires and tubing connects these two components. One of the key advantages of this type of air conditioning system is its quiet operation and ability to cool individual rooms efficiently. Fujitsu and Mitsubishi are among the leading brands offering top-notch split systems.

Ducted Systems:

Ducted type of air conditioning systems are designed to cool entire homes or commercial spaces. These systems consist of indoor and outdoor units connected by a network of ducts evenly distributing cool air throughout the building. Reputable brands like Hitachi and Panasonic are well-known for their high-quality ducted air conditioning systems.

Evaporative Systems:

Evaporative coolers excel in dry, hot climates, providing refreshing, moist air in contrast to the dry air generated by traditional air conditioners. Not only are they environmentally friendly due to their lower electricity consumption and reduced greenhouse gas emissions, but they also offer exceptional efficiency. Among the renowned brands in this category are Breezair and Bonaire.

Energy efficiency and cost considerations

When assessing energy efficiency and cost, it is crucial to consider that although specific systems may have a higher upfront cost, they can ultimately prove more economical in the long run due to their energy-saving capabilities.

Daikin and Mitsubishi, renowned brands in split systems, have made substantial investments in energy-efficient technologies. Their split systems incorporate inverter technology, effectively regulating the compressor’s speed to minimise power consumption while ensuring optimal comfort. Although these systems may entail a higher initial cost, their long-term energy savings can offset the initial investment.

Meanwhile, LG and Samsung ducted systems, among many others, come equipped with zoning capabilities, enabling the cooling of the different regions in a building at other times. This strategic approach not only saves energy but also reduces costs.

Evaporative types of air conditioning systems, such as those from Breezair and Bonaire, stand out as the most energy-efficient options, especially in hot and dry climates. By harnessing the power of evaporation, they naturally cool the air, consuming significantly less electricity.

When it comes to cost, the price of a split system can vary greatly depending on its size and model. On the other hand, ducted systems generally have a higher initial cost due to their comprehensive nature. However, evaporative coolers offer a cost-effective solution for initial investment and running costs.

Climate suitability and regional factors

Climate suitability and regional factors greatly influence the preference for cooling systems. In hot and arid regions, evaporative coolers are an excellent choice due to their high efficiency and reduced energy consumption.

Conversely, split and ducted systems may be more favoured in humid climates as they can dehumidify and cool the air simultaneously. Moreover, brands that provide highly efficient ducted systems in more significant buildings or spaces are particularly appealing as they can cost-effectively cool expansive areas.

Acquisition, Installation, and Running Costs of Each Type

Split-System Air Conditioning:

The cost of split systems depends on size, capacity, and brand. Generally, prices can range from $550 to $4,500. The installation costs depend on a few factors, like labour expenses, location, and the complicated process.

And when it comes to cooling your home, the cost of running your air conditioning can vary significantly based on the unit’s size. For instance, a smaller 2.5 kW AC unit might cost you less than a dollar per hour, while a larger 9 kW model could cost you over $6 for every 8 hours of usage. Check out our split-system cost guide if you want a better idea of air conditioner costs. It’ll give you all the details you need to know!

Ducted Air Conditioning:

Ducted air conditioning prices tend to be on the higher side. So, homes with more zones usually end up costing more overall. Along with the size of the property and the number of zones, there are other factors to consider. Things like the number of power outlets, the number of people living in the home, the type of construction material, and how well the home is insulated. All of these things play a role in making the final decision.

Installing ducted air conditioning usually costs between $2,500 and $5,000. Regarding running costs, with a usage rate of 24 cents per kWh, you can expect an extra expense of around $115.20 per quarter or just over $450 per year. If you want to understand air conditioner costs in-depth, we highly recommend checking out our ducted system cost guide. It has valuable insights and detailed information to help you make informed decisions. You’ll find all the essential details you need to know!

Evaporative Air Conditioning:

The price of buying an evaporative air conditioner can vary depending on different factors like the brand, model, capacity, and extra features. Generally, you can find prices anywhere from $300 to $5000. But for commercial use, the cost can go up as high as $10,000.

The cost of installing evaporative air conditioners can vary depending on several factors. These include the type of unit you choose (portable, window-mounted, roof-mounted/ducted), how complex the installation is, labour rates in your area, and any additional work that may be required.

Regarding evaporative air conditioners, the operational expenses mainly consist of water and electricity costs. To get a more accurate idea of the running costs for your specific evaporative cooler, check out the manufacturer’s specifications on water and electricity consumption. Also, don’t forget to consider the utility rates in your local area.

Factors to Consider When Choosing an Air Conditioning System

Budget considerations and cost comparisons

When purchasing air conditioning systems, budget is undoubtedly a crucial consideration. However, it’s important to look beyond the upfront cost. Prospective buyers should also consider the long-term running costs, maintenance expenses, and even potential repair charges throughout the system’s lifespan.

Climate and location

The effectiveness and efficiency of a cooling system can vary significantly based on local weather and environmental conditions. For example, in hotter and drier climates, evaporative coolers are often more effective as they cool the air and add moisture to it. On the other hand, in areas with high humidity, the type of air conditioners with dehumidifying functionality offers the highest level of comfort.

Desired level of control and customisation

Some individuals prefer systems that offer advanced controls for temperature, airflow, and humidity levels, allowing them to personalise the indoor environment according to their specific comfort needs. On the other hand, others may prefer a more straightforward system with minimal controls for ease of use. So choose what suits you best!

Energy efficiency ratings

When choosing an air conditioning system, it is crucial to consider energy efficiency ratings. These ratings, such as the Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER) or Energy Efficiency Ratio (EER), indicate the cooling output per unit of energy consumed. Higher SEER or EER numbers indicate more significant efficiency. Modern air conditioning systems typically have ratings ranging from 13 to 21 SEER, offering consumers a range of energy-efficient options.

Opting for an air conditioner with a high energy efficiency rating can significantly reduce energy consumption and lower utility bills, making it both environmentally friendly and cost-effective. Prospective buyers should carefully evaluate the energy efficiency ratings of different systems based on their cooling needs and budget.

Home or building structure and design considerations

Several factors, such as house size, number of rooms, insulation quality, and window type, play a significant role in determining the cooling capacity required for optimal comfort. For example, larger homes or those with inadequate insulation may require a higher-power cooling system. Additionally, the installation and placement of the system should be carefully considered, as it not only affects performance but also contributes to the home’s overall aesthetic. In cases where space is limited or a specific interior design is desired, ductless type of air conditioning systems may be a suitable option.

Global Cool Air: Supplying You With The Best Air Conditioning System

In today’s market, many options are available, each boasting its unique features and advantages. Thanks to technological advancements, many different types of air conditioning systems provide optimal comfort and prioritise energy conservation and sustainability.

It is crucial to conduct thorough research and consider the long-term costs and benefits before deciding. By making an informed choice, you can ensure a comfortable and cost-effective home environment. That’s why when selecting types of air conditioning system for your home, it is vital to consider multiple factors to ensure it aligns with your specific requirements.

When searching for types of air conditioners, make energy efficiency a top priority. Not only will it help cool your home effectively, but it will also lower your energy costs. Opting for an energy-efficient AC can significantly reduce electricity consumption, lower energy bills, and minimise carbon footprint. This not only benefits your finances but also makes a positive contribution to the environment.

If you have already decided on the type of air conditioning system you want, get in touch with Global Cool Air. Our expert team will help you choose the perfect unit that matches your requirements. At Global Cool Air, we value your preferences and offer personalised services and repairs tailored to you. Be assured we are dedicated to providing outstanding customer satisfaction.

Take action now! Reach out to us today and secure the ideal type of air conditioning system customised exclusively for your needs. Indulge in the ultimate cooling comfort experience.